521–525. 24, pp. 20, pp. This reading list was compiled to give you an opportunity to learn more about the history of ruby mining in Burma. Dr. James Shigley is a distinguished research fellow at the Gemological Institute of America in Carlsbad, California. By closing this banner or using this site you agree to our revised Privacy Notice, Terms of Service and Cookie Policy. 358-366, (1905). A popular article that describes the geological setting of the mountainous Mogok district, which lies within a belt of high-grade metamorphic rocks including marbles that host many of the ruby deposits. The color comes from traces of chromium. Burmese rubies are associated with. A number of the articles were published in the 1800s and early 1900s – when many classical gem deposits of historical importance were discovered – and gemology and mineralogy became sciences. 20, No. Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, has been a key producer of outstanding rubies for centuries. The Ruby Trade of Mandalay, Author unknown, Jewelers' Circular, Vol. The area was annexed by the British in 1866, who granted sole rights to mine the area to Burma Ruby Mines Ltd. Fact Myanmar's Ruby Gems Mining. Natural, untreated Mogok rubies of fine colour can be valued at $80,000 per carat, according to the Myanmar Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Myanmar’s mining sector is closely linked to its evolving economy and shifting political landscape. However, large-scale alluvial mining is now a thing of the past. Several photographs of the area are shown. 1, No. MOGOK, Myanmar -- When the world hears about Mogok, it usually concerns some hefty ruby unearthed in the region and auctioned for millions of dollars -- … The Great Corundums - Part II: The Pigeon-Blood Rubies of Burma, D.S.M. 266-275, (1889). 141-163, (1988). This report of a diplomatic mission to the Kingdom of Ava contains a brief description of the ruby and sapphire mines. 12 (Geology and Economic Mineralogy), pp. How the World's Great Gem Mines were Discovered, J.L. In recent years, considerable movement has been made towards democracy in Burma. Long-term residents of Myanmar’s ruby mining centre will be offered licences to mine for the precious stones, according to the Mandalay Region minister for forestry and mining, U Than Soe Myint. Continuing our regional exploration, we now cross borders to explore Ruby Mines in Thailand. 82, pp. Military personnel and their families are also reportedly among the largest licence-holders for mining jade and other Mogok residents to receive ruby mining licences. In the 1990s, the Möng Hsu ruby deposit was developed and became one of the world’s greatest suppliers of, rubies. 7, p. 187, (1900). In the 1990s, the Möng Hsu ruby deposit was developed and became one of the world’s greatest suppliers of commercial-quality rubies. Small-scale mining continues, but it is slow and expensive, and ruby production throughout the country has gradually declined. Some of these have a rich red hue … MINING METHODS Since the 15th century, the Mogok area of Myanmar has been known as a major source of rubies and other gems (Iyer 1953). George, Burma Gazetteer, Vol. 26, No. 657-658, (1911). The Mogok Stone Tract in Upper Burma (Myanmar) has been known to produce exceptional rubies since centuries, with records of mining activities dating back to at least the 16thcentury. A City Built on Rubies: The Marvelous Mines of Mogok, Author unknown, Appleton's Booklover's Magazine, Vol. The Burma Ruby Mining Company, Author unknown, The Economist, Vol. However, the mining industry fuels the country's controversial military, raising concerns about the ethical value of its gemstones The Graff Ruby is from the Mogok mine in Myanmar. Burma Rubies, R.S.G. The author presents a detailed description of the history, geologic setting, and mining of ruby and other gem minerals in the region around Mogok. The unheated gems in the coveted Pigeon-Blood Red color range are among the most expensive in the world, as are the celebrated Royal Blue sapphires from this area. 7, No. R.C. 50, No. Many of the articles exist in the public domain and can be found online at digital libraries such as Hathitrust, Internet Archive, or other digital repositories. Kammerling, Gems & Gemology, Vol. 545-556, (1911). These include Sagyin, Thabeitkyin, Naniazeik, Mogok and, most recently, Möng Hsu. https://www.thenationalnews.com/lifestyle/luxury/is-the-burmese- These include Sagyin, Thabeitkyin, Naniazeik, Mogok and, most recently, Möng Hsu. Kane, E.J. Turrell, Modern Asian Studies, Vol. Stokes, "Mines and Minerals of the British Empire," pp. Myanmar and Its Gems – An Update. 3-31, (1957). 306-318, No. 1, pp. Myanmar reportedly produces more than 80% of the world’s rubies, but thanks to decades of isolation under the former junta and restrictions on access for foreigners to mining areas like Mogok, the trade remains opaque and mired in controversy. 1897–1904. Keller, Gems & Gemology, Vol. One of the main gemstone mining areas in Myanmar is located in the Mogok Stone Tract, a diverse gemstone environment with a variety of major geological events that have happened over time. 365-368, (1897). 476-483, (1907). Gübelin, A.A. Levinson, Journal of Gemmology, Vol. No doubt the first humans to settle the area found rubies and spinels in the rivers and streams. 8, pp. Gübelin, Revue de Gemmologie a.f.g., No. Several photographs of the area are shown. Scott, "Gazetteer of Upper Burma and the Shan States," Vol. After Burma Ruby Mines Ltd. departed the region, local mining went back to its former small-scale methods. A brief description of the mines is presented, with a comment of how to distinguish ruby from red spinel with a dichroscope. The Burma Ruby Mines, Author unknown, Engineering and Mining Journal, Vol. In 1925, however, the corporation was liquidated, and control of the mines reverted to the Burmese. Im Tal der Rubin - Die Rubin-Lagerstatten von Mogok in Burma [In the Valley of Rubies – The Ruby Mines of Mogok in Burma], E.J. Most famous is the Mogok Stone Tract, which has remained the world's premier source of ruby … Rubies are also mined in Afghanistan and Pakistan. 19-26, (1977). 75-76, (1833). 3-40, (1994). Fitz-Gerald, Technical World Magazine, Vol. Long-term residents of Myanmar’s ruby mining centre will be offered licences to mine for the precious stones, according to the Mandalay Region minister for forestry and mining, U Than Soe Myint. Gübelin, A.A. Levinson, Journal of the simple mining methods used to ruby... For producing about 90 percent of all pigeon blood rubies alluvial sediment deposits, Chambers s., Knowledge – a Monthly Record of Science, Vol rubies: the ruby Tract around Mogok summarized! These include Sagyin, Thabeitkyin, Naniazeik, Mogok and other villages in the world sourced its rubies –! Usually color zoned, most recently, Möng Hsu differ in several key respects from Mogôk.! Expensive, and the Shan States, '' pp all pigeon blood rubies account of a to. 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