L was not a suspectfor this incident The conversation soonturned into an argument between L and P, with L telling P: 'Fuck you. “After the police slammed me into the floor I was then stood up and slammed into the wall.”. The coming into force of the Act affirms the inherent right of First Nation, Inuit and Métis communities to move forward with legislation to exercise jurisdiction over child and family services at a pace that they choose. police cells at a rate over 26 times that of non-Indigenous people (see Figure 2). Among the measures announced at a press conference Friday is funding to enable members of Indigenous police services to stay in their communities while taking specialized training courses around conjugal violence and sexual The three other men who were arrested say they were also roughed up and remain traumatized by the incident, especially police treatment of Porter. ... social workers and youth workers. As Figure 2 below shows, of the 41 STMP targets current at 30 June 2014 across the five LACs for which data is available, 22 (54%) were identified as Aboriginal peoples, again suggesting Aboriginal peoples are over represented as targets of policing via the STMP. According to Turtle Island News, the council said in May that there are several concerns about the police service, ranging from ignored emails to community complaints about a problem with the Six Nations police culture. Share. By. update Article … Since police dismissed the men’s complaints, the Six Nations Elected Council has signalled an intention to launch a review of both the police service and its commission, although it’s not clear if the men’s complaints about the raid played a part in that decision. During the incident, Porter and four other young men — who all live on Six Nations — allege at least six officers used unjustified force while arresting them on cannabis charges. This creates a cycle whereby Indigenous youth are more likely to have longer criminal histories and greater struggles to divert from the criminal justice system. To order Through the strategy, Indigenous communities and the government are building stronger bonds and improving services to meet the needs of Indigenous children and youth. They map the development of Aboriginal criminology in Australia and cover key themes that have disproportionately affected Indigenous peoples such as over-policing, lack of access to justice in the neoliberal context, incarceration, and deaths in custody. Constantly being harassed by police is a barrier to having a normal life. Saunders has been charged with 10 counts of fraud over $5,000, one count of theft over $5,000, one count of breach of trust and one count of uttering a forged document, according to police. Police take very seriously their obligations and responsibilities in relation to all people in police custody, including Aboriginal people and youths. The Youth Take Charge Program aims to strengthen youth attachment to Canada through engagement. High profile instances of police brutality against Black, Indigenous and racialized people, from the killing of Andrew Evans in 1978 to the killing of D’Andre Campbell, Chantel Moore and Ejaz Ahmed Choudry this year are not independent incidents, but part of this long-standing trend. “I also fear that the Six Nations police will do this to someone else, and the next person might not be so lucky.”. Factors such as the utilisation of police discretion on the street, over-policing, police-youth conflict and racism have been ignored (O'Connor 1994 page 210, Naffine et al 1990) although they are the very issues likely to lead to disproportionate criminalisation of Indigenous young people (Cunneen 1994). Stacia L. Loft, who served as an elected band councillor for the Tyendinaga Mohawk Council, Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte, agreed that Indigenous people negatively affected by police interactions should have access to recourse. First Nations police services are often staffed by Indigenous officers, though not exclusively. Toronto Star articles, please go to: www.TorontoStarReprints.com, The Toronto Star and thestar.com, each property of Toronto Star “Dallas could have died, easily, the second that somebody put his face into the ground,” said Alyziah Styres, who listened as Porter struggled to breathe in the back of a police car, his tracheostomy tube partially obstructed. Employment. “He was bleeding all over himself and I couldn’t do anything to help him. Porter and his friends are hopeful the review could bring accountability and say Indigenous communities should have access to police oversight when it’s warranted. Through consultation with Indigenous communities, Tulloch said the “desire for appropriate civilian oversight of First Nations policing is clear.”. Offensive language is punishable without needing to constitute a breach of the peace. They said when police refused, they turned to the Six Nations Confederacy Council. Importantly, she said, Indigenous communities must be supported, including financially, to develop whatever system is best. The Star sought comment from the elected council but did not hear back. Many of the yo… Instead, there has been “complete lack of accountability” surrounding what she called a disturbing use of excessive force. More than 300 children are on the NSW Police secret blacklist, half are Aboriginal and the youngest child targeted is nine years of age. First Nations police services are often staffed by Indigenous officers, though not exclusively. Sgt. Dallas Porter said the Six Nations Police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the ground. Indigenous young people are much more vulnerable to increasing policing. QUEBEC — The Quebec government says it will spend $18.6 million over the next five years to improve policing in Indigenous communities. Suddenly, the teen’s life was in peril. Concerns regarding the entire criminal justice system’s treatment of Aboriginal youth was a recurring theme in the submissions received by the Commission. With no options available, the men asked Six Nations police to bring in a third party, such as an outside police service, to investigate. Although that may mean good news in the future, it doesn’t help the men from Six Nations. When the new policing legislation comes into force — the regulations are still being drafted and there is no timeline — it will establish the Law Enforcement Complaints Agency (LECA), replacing the OIPRD. Star Newspapers Limited and/or its licensors. • They will give Aboriginal people confidence that the police force is interested in them. The survivor of a past suicide attempt, Porter, 19, requires a tracheostomy tube to breathe. The victim of this offensive language, a policeconstable (P), hadapproached L in pursuit of some information about rocks being thrown at apassing police car. What processes were used to respond to offending by Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people and was there disp… Republication or distribution of this content is Instead, there has been “complete lack of accountability” surrounding what she called a disturbing use of excessive force. This woman, who I’ll call Grace, was 23 years old. While the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) has reduced Canada’s overall youth incarceration rate in recent years, the relative proportion of detained Aboriginal youth has actually increased. Police have wide discretionary powers over surveillance and intervention of individuals in public. By the time L was in police custody… WARNING: This story contains graphic details that may disturb some readers. If the raid and arrests had occurred outside Six Nations’ territory, Porter’s injuries would have automatically prompted an investigation by the Special Investigations Unit (SIU), which probes serious injuries and deaths involving police. Suddenly, the teen’s life was in peril. This legislation was co-developed with Indigenous partners with the goal of keeping Indigenous children and youth connected to their families, communities, and culture. It’s critical that he avoid lying on his stomach — precisely what he says he was forced to do by police. But what that looks like — whether it be an oversight body, community council, a commissioner or ombudsperson — should depend on each community’s distinct needs. But if you compare fines issued based on traffic camera incidents, the proportions are almost even. The memo states the watchdog is “concerned by … Throughout Canadian history, the RCMP played a significant role in shaping Canada's relationship with Indigenous peoples. Porter said his ordeal began with an Oct. 9, 2019, raid of an alleged cannabis dispensary on Six Nations of the Grand River territory. This is compared to 21% of non-Aboriginal children in CMAs Footnote 16, Footnote 17. “A lot of times, Indigenous people don’t want to come forward because they don’t want the attention, they are afraid (they’ll be) targeted even further and, sadly, they just take it,” he said. His report recommended the province consider expanding the mandates of the SIU and OIPRD to include First Nations policing, “subject to the opting in of individual First Nations.”. From thestar.com Original Article by Wendy Gillis June 28 2020, For more background on this story see Dispensing Freedom’s previous coverage here. The three other men who were arrested say they were also roughed up and remain traumatized by the incident, especially police treatment of Porter. Porter, who is not involved with the dispensary and arrived only moments before police, suffered a broken nose. Article by Wendy Gillis, Peterborough This Week. “There’s definitely been some frustration. It will also create a new oversight option called the inspector general, which will monitor and inspect police services and boards, including those in First Nations communities that have opted in. The over-policing and jailing of Indigenous, Black and racialized people is part of that context. He said the curfew would disadvantage Indigenous youth and their families in particular, who are already overrepresented in the justice system. A majority of offenders are arrested for the offence of offensive language. According to a spokesperson for the Ministry of the Solicitor General, incoming changes to Ontario’s policing legislation will create civilian police oversight of officers employed by First Nation boards that choose to opt in. Dallas Porter said the Six Nations Police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the ground. Over Policing. I was like, ‘How is this right’?”. Over-policing also leads to the police forming attitudes that view Aboriginal people as violent, dangerous, and prone to criminal behaviour. Over-policing generally results from the imposition of police control on individual or community activities at a level unlikely to occur in the dominant society. Data on Canadian Indigenous and Black inmate over-representation is similar to American data on Black inmates. Policing under the Suspect Targeting Management Plan is particularly harmful in criminalising already overpoliced Indigenous young people. He and Davis said officers refused to get the backpack containing Q-tips needed to clear Porter’s breathing tube. NSW Police policy found to destructively target Indigenous youth A NSW Police policy that aims to predict and prevent future crime is causing serious harm to Aboriginal youth and has no evidence of … Amanda Porter, a criminologist and researcher at the Melbourne Law School, says over-policing of Aboriginal youth is directly reflected in detention, bail and remand statistics. Since police dismissed the men’s complaints, the Six Nations Elected Council has signalled an intention to launch a review of both the police service and its commission, although it’s not clear if the men’s complaints about the raid played a part in that decision. It’s critical that he avoid lying on his stomach — precisely what he says he was forced to do by police. For more background on this story see Dispensing Freedom’s previous coverage here. It was at this point that P placed L underarrest for offensive language. “After the police slammed me into the floor I was then stood up and slammed into the wall.”. Our role continues today, with the intent of rekindling trust and strengthening communications with the more than 600 Indigenous communities we serve. If it shifts or becomes blocked it could obstruct his airway, causing him to suffocate. This copy is for your personal non-commercial use only. Newspapers Limited, One Yonge Street, 4th floor, Toronto, ON, M5E 1E6, Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam. CHRISTINE FEERICK. Allegations of police use of force against Indigenous people happen “way more often than the public even knows about,” Laming said. The impact of over-policing has led to a great distrust of the police by Aboriginal people. Aboriginal youth are overrepresented in Ontario correctional facilities at a much higher rate than Aboriginal adults. Children as young as 10 are on a ‘secret police blacklist’ which harms Aboriginal youth, their families, and communities and is proven to not effectively combat crime, new research has revealed. Lance Carr (L), a young Indigenous Australian man, was arrested for offensivelanguage. I was like, ‘How is this right’?”. If the OIPRD or SIU had been investigating, the complainants would have been interviewed and there would be a detailed report explaining the process and the outcome, she said. This results in Indigenous people being over charged both in the volume and severity of offenses. The majority of the submissions received focussed on incidents with police and other criminal justice officials and there seemed to be a particular sensitivity to how police treat them. We received hundreds of responses about racial profiling in policing. It should also be noted that Indigenous women were especially heavily over-represented, comprising 44 per cent of the female cases but only 1.1 per cent of the national female population aged 15 and above. “Sometimes at the Queensland youth detention centre here in Townsville, we have 60 to 70 per cent Indigenous people—there’s obviously a reason. Meanwhile, Edmonton city council approved a motion in early July that included cutting the police service’s budget by $11 million over the next two years amid weeks of debate around police … The plan also puts extreme strain on family relationships. In Simmons, (2009 p1) findings on over-policing did point that those likely to enter in jail among the indigenous community are likely to have been cases of alcohol and drug abuse linking these to indigenous population over-representation in jail among minor issue like street offensive language. We found that young people are experiencing patterns of oppressive policing that are harmful to them, their families and the community. Later that month, the men were advised their complaints had been dismissed, without them ever being interviewed. Over-policing and under-policing are different sides of the same coin. Each feeds upon the other to perpetuate systemic discrimination and negative stereotypes regarding Aboriginal people (2007, 64). This need is critical given the over-representation of Aboriginal youth in the justice system. This is true in both the adult and youth justice spheres. However, not all have come to accept that it is a concern. Amid a national reckoning about policing, in the wake of two recent fatal police shootings of Indigenous people in New Brunswick and the violent arrest of Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam, the men are speaking out about what they say is a lack of accountability for police actions in their home territory. “As a member of this community, I deserve the right to feel safe and protected by our police service. Andrew Harnett, 37, was killed while on duty on New Year's Eve, when a driver fled the scene of a traffic stop in Calgary. • When making an arrest, Aboriginal police should be better able to make certain that Aboriginal people understand what will happen in various court proceedings. The Star sought comment from the elected council but did not hear back. His report recommended the province consider expanding the mandates of the SIU and OIPRD to include First Nations policing, “subject to the opting in of individual First Nations.”. Indigenous Peoples twice as likely to be chosen to be surveilled by, or intervened with, by police due to racist stereotypes that criminalize Indigenous people. Those mostly affected by over-policing behavior live in rural and remote areas (Walker and MacDonald, 1995 p1-3; Albsudry, 2001 p1; Berry and Crowe, 2009 p2). Like many of Ontario’s First Nations communities, Six Nations is outside the jurisdiction of the province’s police watchdogs. Abstract. JOIN THE CONVERSATION Toronto could significantly cut police spending and reduce the over-policing of Black and Indigenous people by removing officers from … All Tamar Friedman, a Toronto lawyer representing the men, said it’s not clear who was interviewed, what documents were reviewed or how the police service came to its decision. expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Toronto High profile instances of police brutality against Black, Indigenous and racialized people, from the killing of Andrew Evans in 1978 to the killing of D’Andre Campbell, Chantel Moore and Ejaz Ahmed Choudry this year are not independent incidents, but part of this long-standing trend. Erick Laming, an Algonquin First Nation PhD candidate studying criminology at the University of Toronto, has interviewed Indigenous people living off and on reserve about their interactions with police, and says he’s heard many first-hand stories about police violence and victims having no recourse. To order copies of (Submitted by Jason Harnett) When Amir … Most Indigenous kids don’t do crime, this is an issue of over-policing,” he said. According to a spokesperson for the Ministry of the Solicitor General, incoming changes to Ontario’s policing legislation will create civilian police oversight of officers employed by First Nation boards that choose to opt in. “They’re untouchable,” Mike Davis, who was among the group arrested, said of the Six Nations police in a recent interview. Unfortunately, indigenous over-representation issue is quite complex with interplay aspects that involve basic causal factors including historical, political, societal and economic factors. United in anger, the men launched complaints about their treatment by officers — but soon realized there was nowhere to turn except the police force itself. Non-Indigenous police 'over-criminalized' Cree youth in Quebec, inquiry hears . Where suspected offenders appear to lack community ties, such as * Notes: 1. The Program operates in accordance with the First Nations Policing Policy, a national framework for the provision of policing services in First Nation and Inuit communities. If the OIPRD or SIU had been investigating, the complainants would have been interviewed and there would be a detailed report explaining the process and the outcome, she said. “I just want justice, and that’s something that hasn’t been on this reserve for a very long time, if ever,” said Mike Davis. Read "Over-Policing among the Australian Indigenous Communities" by Sa Ngugi available from Rakuten Kobo. The crisis of Aboriginal over-incarceration in Canada is one of the most well-documented features of our Criminal Justice System. It was midnight, and I was driving her home at the end of her shift because dangers—both canine and human—rendered it unsafe for our civilian staff members to walk home alone after dark. Indigenous youth wonder: who is policing First Nations’ police? They are more visible because of their use of public space and often come from communities where over-policing has a longstanding history. She added that while some communities might choose to opt into already existing oversight bodies like the OIPRD, this should not be the default, as trusting outside agencies “has not always worked well for Indigenous peoples.”, “I strongly believe that Indigenous communities can identify and develop their own responsive and culturally appropriate solutions,” Loft said. “Six Nations Police smashed my face into the ground multiple times,” Porter said in a written summary of the incident, prepared for the Six Nations Confederacy Council. “This lack of oversight and accountability can only embolden (Six Nations Police) officers to participate in further abuse,” Friedman said. The survivor of a past suicide attempt, Porter, 19, requires a tracheostomy tube to breathe. “In doing this, communities will have ownership over their information, processes, decisions and outcomes.”, Published in Cannabis Activism, courts / legal, Green Cross 6N, Indigenous Cannabis Laws, Police, Prohibition and Six Nations. Past EVENTS / Over-Policing Black and Indigenous Lives. The study addressed three research questions: 1. Sun., June 28, 2020 timer 7 min. Friedman is still asking Six Nations police to allow an outside body to investigate her clients’ complaints. Staffed by Indigenous officers, though not exclusively Article … Indigenous youth wonder: who is not with. I deserve the right to feel safe and protected by our police Service officer grabbed him and him! What proportion of Indigenous and Black inmate over-representation is similar to American data on Canadian Indigenous and young... Safe and protected by our police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the.! 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